Fuzhou, which is also referred to as banyan city, is the capital of Fujian Province. It is among the first batch of coastal port cities that were opened to the world and the nationwide famous hometown of overseas Chinese as well as the ancestral home to Taiwanese. Moreover, it is a traditionally important city of commerce and trade in southeastern coast and an emerging industrial city in the west of Taiwan Straits. At present, there are five districts, two cities and five counties under the governance of Fuzhou city, with a total area of 12,000 square kilometers including 1,786 square kilometers of downtown area and 248 square kilometers of built-up area. The permanent residents in Fuzhou have reached to 7.43 million with 3.061 million of permanent residents in downtown.
China's famous historic and cultural street–Three Lanes and Seven Alleys
As the national historical and cultural city, Fuzhou has a long history and rich cultural heritage. During the time of more than 2,200 years after foundation, cultural brands of Fujian such as Tanshishan Haze Cultural Sites, Fujian Ship, Three Lanes and Seven Alleys and Shoushan Stone have been bred; many great men and celebrities such as Lin Zexu, Shen Baozhen and Yan Fu sprang up. In history, Fuzhou was an important port of "Maritime Silk Road", and the famous historical events–Zheng He's seven voyages to the West–also started at Fuzhou. Since modern times, Fuzhou has become the cradle of China's modern navy forces, industry and science and technology. A great number of "firsts" such as first metal shell ship and first water plane were invented in Fuzhou, which launched the beginning of industrialization and modernization of Modern China.
Fuzhou has convenient transportation and location advantages, as it is situated in the southeastern coast, stands between two most developed deltas–the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, faces Taiwan, draws near to Hong Kong and Macao and has a close relationship with Southeastern Asia. Since reform and opening up, Fuzhou has promoted the moderately advanced infrastructure construction, with a multilevel and multifunctional transportation network system of the trinity of sea-air-land preliminarily being formed. The Wenzhou-Fuzhou and Fuzhou-Xiamen high speed railways have tightly connected Fuzhou to the most developed economic circles such as the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, and the highways have formed the "network of reaching anyplace within four hours" that centers on Fuzhou and covers the whole province. Fuzhou Changle International Airport, one of the 20 largest airports in China, has opened 82 domestic and overseas air lines, realizing navigation among 62 domestic and overseas cities.
Being close to Taiwan and boasting plenty of overseas Chinese, Fuzhou is highly opening up. It is not only the nearest capital city to Taiwan, but one of the areas in which China’s mainland has the largest coverage of preferential policies for Taiwan and the active cooperation and communication between both sides of Taiwan Straits take place. Huangqi Peninsula in Lianjiang County is less than 8,000 meters from Mazu Island. There are more than 800,000 Taiwan compatriots in Fuzhou, and Fuzhou Fellow Association has been set up in every county (city) in Taiwan. Besides, Fuzhou is the nationwide famous hometown of overseas Chinese. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 4 million Fuzhou-born overseas Chinese distributing in over 110 countries and areas. For the moment, 69 countries and areas have investment in Fuzhou; an accumulation of 9,800 foreign capital funded enterprises have been approved, with 377.45 hundred million dollars of contractual utilization of foreign capital and 227.64 hundred million dollars of actual utilization of foreign capital; 93 of Fortune Global 500 have invested or established organizations in Fuzhou.
Accompanied by a good ecological environment, the landscape in Fuzhou is beautiful. The forest coverage rate now is 55.3% and greenery coverage rate in built-up area is 42.9% in Fuzhou, with a park green area per capita of 12.9 square meters in downtown. The rate of good air quality in urban area is 92%, the rate of sewage processing in urban area is 87.3%, and the rate of harmless treatment of living garbage reaches to 100%. Meanwhile, the water quality of drinking water is top-ranked nationwide, regional environment noise and traffic noise are also superior to the national standard. In recent years, Fuzhou, whose performance in he quantitative examination of comprehensive environment treatment has steadily been in the front rank among central provincial cities, has obtained many titles, including the National Health City, China's Outstanding Tourist City, National Landscape Garden City, the National Environmental Protection Exemplary City, National Virescence Model City and National Civilized City.
Currently, Fuzhou is facing important strategic opportunities of the support of accelerating development of Fujian by the central government, building the strategic hub city for 21st century Maritime Silk Road and constructing the Fujian Pilot Free Trade Zone Fuzhou District. Efforts will be made, especially after it is approved as national new district, to build the Fuzhou New District into the important place for the communication and cooperation between both sides of Taiwan Straits, the important gate for expanding opening up, the modern industry base in southeastern coast and demonstration area of reform and innovation as well as ecological civilization pilot zone, which creates impetus for Fuzhou's development. The spirits of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party and the Third Plenary Session and Fourth Plenary Session of 18th CPC Central Committee will be comprehensively implemented and a series of important speeches of President Xi Jinping as well as the important talks he made during his inspection in Fujian will be fully studied and carried out in Fuzhou to foster the development and opening up of Fuzhou New District, to speed up the construction of Golden Triangle Economic Circle in Minjiang River estuary on a higher starting point and to boost the leaping advancement of the scientific development in Fuzhou.